Since 1999, the giraffe’s global population has declined from about 140,000 animals to under 80,000 animals; more than 40% population decline in 15 years. The main causes of giraffe population decline are habitat degradation and poaching. Giraffe also face challenges from civil unrest, and human encroachment on their habitat.
Nine subspecies of giraffe live on the African continent. In the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List 2018 update, seven of the nine subspecies have been listed. The South African and Masai giraffe are yet to be assessed.
Critically Endangered: Kordofan, Nubian
Vulnerable: Thornicroft’s, West African
Near Threatened: Rothschild’s
Least Concern: Angolan
In 2019, the U.N. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) agreed to protect giraffes for the first time.
Global Conservation Force has supported multiple anti-poaching units (APUs) that oversee the protection of giraffe and the Founder, Mike Veale, actively patrols with multiple APUs every year. GCF has partnered with the Institute for Conservation Research, David O’Connor, with a wild giraffe study and anti poaching project and has supplied APU gear and a drone to maximize the impact made.